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  • The Dimensions of Planning:

    (Long, Medium and Short Range)

  • Planning Levels

Top Management…. …….Strategic Planning

Middle Management……. Tactical Planning

Operating Management…..Operational Planning

  • Planning Elements:

  • Purpose

  • Premises (Assumptions)

  • Policies

  • Objectives

  • Goals

  • Procedures

  • Rules

  • Budget….

  • Effective Objectives Setting

    • SMRT: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, and Time-based

    • SMARTER: Specific, Measurable, Agreed, Realistic, Time-bound, Exciting and Recorded.

  • Planning Subjects

  • Functional Areas

  • Resources

  • External Environment of Planning

  • Economical

  • Social

  • Political

  • Technological

  • Assessing Present Situation

  • Defining Performance Areas (Key Result Areas)

  • Setting Performance Standards

  • Evaluating Present Performance

  • Anticipation future conditions

  • Identification future conditions affecting Performance Areas

  • Defining and Gathering  Information needed to determine these conditions

  • Setting Objectives

    within the Organization Objectives' Hierarchy

  •  Planning to achieve  Objectives

  • Defining  Activities

  • Sequencing Activities

  • Timing Activities

  • Resources Allocation and Balancing

  • Integrating Plans

  • Activity Networking


CPM Critical Path Method

A technique used to predict project duration by analyzing which sequence of activities has the least amount of scheduling flexibility. Early dates are figured by a forward pass using a specific start date and late dates are figured by using a backward starting from a completion date.

PERT Project Evaluation & Review Technique

a project management technique for determining how much time a project needs before it is completed. Each activity is assigned a best, worst, and most probable completion time estimate. These estimates are used to determine the average completion time. The average times are used to figure the critical path and the standard deviation of completion times for the entire project.

Precedence Diagram Method ("PDM")

A method of constructing a logic network using nodes to represent the activities and connecting them by lines that show dependencies.

  • Networking Steps

  • Calculating  Project Total Time

  • Defining Critical Activities

  • Calculating Floats

  • Scheduling  Activities

  • Defining  Resources

  • Resources Loading

  • Resource Balancing Techniques

  • Develop plan considering contingency events

  • Implement Plan and formally identify contingency events

  • Specify Indicators for the contingency events and develop plans for each possible event

  • Monitor contingency event indicators and implement contingency plan if needed