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Team Building



  • Stage 1: Orientation

  • Stage 2: Dissatisfaction

  • Stage 3: Resolution

  • Stage 4: Production

  • S1 High Directive & Low Supportive Behavior

  • S2 High Directive & High Supportive Behavior

  • S3 Low Directive & High Supportive Behavior

  • S4 Low Directive & Low Supportive Behavior

Group Dynamic








Moderate High







Leadership Style 

S 1

S 2

S 3

S 4



  1. Determine Vision, Set Goals and Roles

  2. Diagnosis Development Level of the Group

    • Productivity

    • Morale

  3. Match Appropriate Leadership Style

  4. Deliver Appropriate Leadership Style

  5. Begin to manage the Journey to group empowerment

  • Purpose: Clear Common Goals with Clear Individual Roles

  • Empowerment: Members feel a personal and collective sense of power and have access to necessary skills and resources

  • Relationships and Communication: Members express themselves openly and honestly and Differences of opinion and perspective are valued.

  • Flexibility: Members are adaptable to changing demands.

  • Optimal Productivity: High Output, excellent Quality, Effective Decision Making and Clear Problem solving process

  • Recognition and Appreciation: Team contributions are valued and recognized by the organization.

  • Morale: Individuals are confident, motivated, have a sense of pride and satisfaction about their work with a strong sense of cohesion and team spirit

Glenn Parker Team Building Consultant

(NSBA) National School Boards Association.

Review of team development including Forming, Storming, Norming, and Performing.

Hick Shenton Associates.

Center for the Study of Work Teams, University of North Texas. Kjetil Viken.

By Harvey Robbins & Michael Finley.

By Peter F. Drucker, Wall St. Journal.

Research Paper (case study)

Several articles on Teambuilding Topics and List of Links.

Team building exercises, icebreakers, and more.

This website is a resource for businesses and organizations interested inharnessing the power of teams.

Assembled by Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD | Applies to nonprofits and for-profits unless noted.

Information, case-studies, free newsletter.

Information on the Myers Briggs, Articles, Teambuilding Info, Links to related sites.

Info focused on employee involvement, Discussion Area, Articles, Bookstore, Links to related sites.

NASA site

Selected links about teams, teamwork and teambuilding exercises.

An on-line training program designed by Steve Jones.