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Definitions

 

A | B | | | H | I | J | K | L | | N | O | | Q | R | T | U | V | W | X, Y, Z 

 

A

Authentication *

Determines a user's identity, as well as determining what a user is authorized to access, eg a financial database or a support knowledgebase. The most common form of authentication is user name and password, although this also provides the lowest level of security.

* source:www.stallion.com/html/support/glossary.html

B

B2B *

Business-to-Business, also known as e-biz - the exchange of products, services, or information between businesses rather than between businesses and consumers.
* source:www.paint.org/ind_info/glossary.htm

B2C *

(business-to-consumer), is the exchange of products, services, or information between businesses and consumers, or the retailing part of e-commerce on the Internet. It is often contrasted to B2B or business-to-business.

* source:www.discoverit.co.uk/glossary/full_a-e.htm

B2G*

Business to Government, also known as e-government. B2G is the idea that government agencies and businesses can use central Web sites to conduct business and interact with each other more efficiently than they usually can off the Web. FindLaw is an example of a site offering B2G services -- a single place to locate court documents, tax forms and filings for many different local, state and federal government organizations.
practice.

* source:findlaw.com/glossary.html

C

Catalog *

Organized descriptive list of goods or services made available by suppliers to potential buyers.  A catalog usually includes descriptive information or illustrations and contains items from a variety of suppliers, merged together.  A catalog may be private or public.  Public catalogs have generic prices and are accessible by the general user population.  Private catalogs have negotiated prices for a specific buying organization.
* source:http://www.ncgov.com/eprocurement/asp/section/glossary/

gloss_catalog.asp

Cookies *

A cookie is a file sent to a web browser by a web server to record one's activities on a website. For instance, when you buy items from a site and place them in a so-called virtual shopping cart, that information is stored in the cookie. When the browser requests additional files, the cookie information is sent back to the server. Cookies can remember other kinds of personal information --your password, so you don't have to re-enter it each time you visit the site; your preferences, so the next time you return to a site, you can be presented with customized information. Some people regard cookies as an invasion of privacy; others think they are a harmless way to make websites more personal.
* source:www.media-awareness.ca/eng/indus/internet/gloss2.htm

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) *

This term that describes techniques, software and Internet capabilities used by businesses to manage customer relationships in a unified fashion. CRM packages help companies integrate information from the entire enterprise to provide detailed profiles of its customers. That allows all the links in the chain to have the information needed to provide services like: Matching customer needs with products; Reminding customers of service requirements; Keeping track of previous purchases and sending reminders for continuing orders; and giving customers direct access to information.

* source:http://www.changewave.com/Glossary.html#C

D

Digital Certificate *

Electronic document that authenticates the identity of the holder for conducting electronic transactions. A certificate usually contains a name, a serial number, a public key, an expiration date and the digital signature of the Certification Authority.
* source:http://www.knox-webmall.com/ozesmart/glossary/#C

Digital Signature *

Produced by a sender using his or her private key to encrypt a message digest, a digital signature allows the message recipient to confirm both the identity of the sender and that the content of the message was not changed in transmission.
* source:www.cio-dpi.gc.ca/pki-icp/beginners/glossary/glossary_e.asp

E

E-cash *

A trial form of electronic funds transfer over the Internet (and soon by e-mail). The e-cash software stores digital money, signed by a bank, on the user's local computer. The user can spend the digital money at any shop accepting e-cash, without the trouble of having to open an account there first, or having to transmit credit card numbers. The shop just has to accept the money, and deposit it at the bank. The security is provided by a public key digital signature..

* source:www.merchantaccount101.net/ecommerce_glossary.html

E-Marketplace *

 An electronic trading facility to bring together buyer(s) and seller(s) for the purpose of providing commercial information and conducting transactions. The marketplaces may be public (many known buyer(s)/seller(s) with some level of information visibility) or private. Marketplaces can be created by buyer(s), seller(s) or third parties, which may or may not be neutral.

* source:www.paint.org/ind_info/glossary.htm

E-Auction *

A dynamic online negotiation process between pre-selected suppliers for a specific piece of business:
Web-based (Sales)
Forward Auctions: eBay, Auction.co.kr
Web-based (
Procurement) Reverse Auctions :Priceline.com
Web-based Double
Auctions :  Stock Exchanges

* source:iis.kaist.ac.kr/KAISTEC/2002lecture/ KAIST-2002F-Auction-Oct%208.ppt

E-Business (electronic business)

is the conduct of business on the Internet. It is a more generic term than eCommerce because it refers to not only buying and selling but also servicing customers and collaborating with business partners.

E-Commerce *

the selling and buying of goods and services electronically (e.g., over the Internet using the World Wide Web) including: Online display of goods and services. Ordering. Billing. Payment. Customer service. Access to transaction records.

* source:www.donald-firesmith.com/Glossary/GlossaryE.html

EDC (electronic data capture) *

EDC is a point-of-sale terminal that reads the information encoded in the magnetic stripe of bank cards. These terminals electronically authorize and capture transaction data, eliminating the need for a paper deposit.

* source:www.garlic.com/~lynn/paygloss.htm

EDI (electronic data interchange) *

Electronic Data Interchange, Contact between companies exchanging orders via intra- or internet. A standard for that is EDIFACT (Electronic Commerce). This can be more secure using internet-tunneling, i.e. two partners use connections that can not be accessed by anybody else.

* source:www.softwareag.com/xml/about/glossary.htm

EFT (electronic funds transfer) *

Transferring funds between accounts and firms electronically.

* source:www.schwab.com/SchwabNOW/ReDir/1,5348,%7C64%7C,00.html

Electronic Catalog

See Catalog

Electronic procurement

of goods and/or services.  E-Procurement combines the use of Internet technology with procurement best practices to streamline the purchasing process and reduce costs.

ETO Electronic Trading Opportunities System *

a personalized trade leads service that will allow you, as a registered user, to post and subscribe to offers and demands of products and services categorized in accordance with HSCODE and NAIC international classification standards.

* source:http://sphere.rdc.puc-rio.br/parcerias/untpdc/eto/abouteto.html

Extranet *

An extranet is a collaborative network that uses Internet technology to link businesses with their suppliers, customers, or other businesses that share common goals. An extranet can be viewed as part of a company's intranet that is made accessible to other companies or that is a collaboration with other companies. The shared information might be accessible only to the collaborating parties or, in some cases, might be public.

* source:www.course.com/careers/glossary/internet.cfm

F

Firewall *

A network security system used to monitor and restrict traffic between an internal computer network (sometimes referred to as an Intranet) and the Internet.

* source:www.ezboard.com/help/glossary.html

H

Hit *

An action on the Web site, such as when a user views a page or downloads a file.

* source:http://www.middleeastdirectory.com/newsletter7.htm

Hit Rate *

The number of times a web page file has been accessed.

M

Marketplace

The world of commercial activity where goods and services are bought and sold.

P

Payment gateway provider *

A company that provides code and/or software for an e-commerce site to enable it to transfer information from its shopping cart to the acquiring bank, and on through the rest of the credit card transaction. See also payment gateway.

* source:http://www.thompsonmerchant.com/glossary.html

Personal Identification Number (PIN) *

A four-to-twelve character secret code that allows an issuer to positively authenticate the cardholder for the purpose of approving an ATM or terminal transaction occurring at a point-of-interaction device.

* source:http://www.thompsonmerchant.com/glossary.html

Referrer *

URL of an HTML page that refers toy our Website.

* source:http://www.middleeastdirectory.com/newsletter7.htm

Return Code *

The return status of the request which specifies whether the transfer was successful and why.

* source:www.netiq.com/support/wrcdev/glossary.asp

S

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) *

A security protocol that provides communications privacy over the Internet. The protocol allows client/server applications to communicate in a way that is designed to prevent eavesdropping, tampering, or message forgery.

* source:www.cites.uiuc.edu/glossary/

T

Trade lead

is a qualified prospect or potential partner (customer or supplier) who is ready to be contacted by your Organization.

Trading Partner *

are the customers and vendors who you do business with on an ongoing basis.

* source:www.pwsinc.com/edidefs.html